What are the side effects of cortisone?

  What are the side effects of cortisone?



Cortisone is corticosteroid, These synthetic steroids resemble the hormone cortisol, which your body naturally produces. 

These drugs operate by reducing certain substances in your body that  lead to swelling, discomfort, redness, inflammation, and itching.

Corticosteroids are different from the performance-enhancing chemicals that certain sportsmen and bodybuilders use.

Uses of cortisone

Many inflammatory disorders and immune system-related hyperactive conditions can benefit from cortisone treatment. These are a few typical examples:

Inadequate adrenocortical function.

Exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis.

Skin disorders that cause inflammation, such as psoriasis and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Allergens and allergy responses that are severe ocular inflammation conditions.

lymphomas and leukaemia, inflammatory colitis and respiratory conditions.

Cortisone can be used to manage and control severe and rapid symptoms.

 Because corticosteroids have a rapid action  in the body, 

They can successfully control allergic reactions, for instance.

Before using cortisone 

If you are allergic to cortisone or have a fungal infection, you shouldn’t use it.


Your immune system may be weakened, which could make it simpler for you to get infection or worsen  an existing one. 
Inform your doctor of any disease or infection 
you have had recently, particularly:
tuberculosis, eyes with herpes infection, or diarrhoea brought on by parasite infections.

Dosage forms of cortisone

It comes in many forms such as:

 Tablets and capsules.

Cream, ointment, lotion and gel.

Eye drops.



Nasal or mouth spray.

Side effects of cortisone 

Increase weight

Your metabolism and how your body stores fat are both impacted by steroids. 
This may make you hungrier, which could result in weight gain and, in particular, more fat deposits in your abdomen.
Self-care advice
To avoid gaining too much weight, watch your calories and exercise frequently. 
But avoid letting weight increase undermine your self-worth.

Elevate blood pressure 

Cortisone can encourage fluid retention and occasionally leads to a high blood pressure.
 Since cortisone is involved in regulating the body’s balance of water, salt, and other electrolytes.
Self-care advice:
Keep an eye out for ankle swelling and let your doctor know if you notice any. 
Diuretics are advantageous for sporadic patients (water pills). 
A low-sodium diet can lower fluid retention and perhaps lower blood pressure.

Increase level of blood sugar 

Long-term usage of cortisone may result in high blood sugar levels or possibly diabetes.
 Since you shouldn’t take this medication with out following up your blood sugar.

Gastrointestinal side effects 

When combined with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or aspirin, steroids may increase your risk of getting ulcers or gastrointestinal bleeding.
 Avoid combining NSAIDs and steroids  at all possible. 
Your doctor might want you to continue taking low-dose aspirin while taking cortisone to protect your heart. 
 He might also think about adding a drug to protect your stomach while taking steroids.

Supress immunity

This will decrease your body defense strength, and make your body exposed to many infections (1). 

Cataract and glucoma



Liver damage


finally, it’s obvious to you that cortisone isn’t an over the counter drug .
So, you shouldn’t use any medication before consulting your health care provider.
Dr.Nermeen Abdelsttar 

المعلومات المقدمة حول هذا الموضوع ليست بديلاً عن المشورة المهنية ، ويجب عليك استشارة أحد المتخصصين المؤهلين للحصول على مشورة محددة تتناسب مع وضعك. بينما نسعى جاهدين لضمان دقة المعلومات المقدمة وحداثتها ، فإننا لا نقدم أي ضمانات أو إقرارات من أي نوع ، صريحة أو ضمنية ، حول اكتمال أو دقة أو موثوقية أو ملاءمة أو توفر المعلومات أو المنتجات أو الخدمات أو ما يتعلق بها الرسومات الواردة لأي غرض من الأغراض. أي اعتماد تضعه على هذه المعلومات يكون على مسؤوليتك الخاصة. لا يمكن أن نتحمل المسؤولية عن أي عواقب قد تنجم عن استخدام هذه المعلومات. يُنصح دائمًا بالحصول على إرشادات من محترف مؤهل.

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